Location, Climate: Scotland's capital is Edinburgh which is situated on the eastern part of the country's Central Lowlands and stretches over a vast volcanic formation. The climate in Edinburgh changes a lot meaning that there would be both sunshine and rain all throughout the year. The best time to visit Edinburgh is during months of May to September when the weather is fine. Brief History: The English invaded Edinburgh during the 7th century making Castle Rock a defense fort thus naming the city Eiden's burgh which means Eiden's fort. Edinburgh began to progress during the 12th century and became the capital of Scotland in 1437. Both its Old Town and New Town were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1995. Events, Landmarks, Activities: Millions of people gather every year to join the Edinburgh Festival, which is a series of summer events held from July to September. The leading festivals included in this event are the Edinburgh International Festival and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. There are lots of beautiful attractions in Edinburgh ranging from castles and cathedrals to museums and parks. The best place to start sightseeing is at the Old Town where you can find the Edinburgh Castle, St Giles' Cathedral, Holyrood Palace, Gladstone's Land and the Scottish Parliament to name a few. Other must-see attractions include the Edinburgh Zoo, Royal Botanic Garden and Rosslyn Chapel. Transportation: The best way to explore Edinburgh is by walking since this is a compact city. But there are also buses, trains and trams located all over the city. Avoid driving in the city because of the one way systems.