Location, Climate: Athens is the capital city of Greece and is situated along the historical region of Attica and surrounded by Mount Egaleo, Mount Parnitha, Mount Hymettus and Mount Penteli. The climate in Athens is subtropical Mediterranean whereby summers are long and hot while winters are wet and mild. Brief History: The history of Athens dates back from the 11th to 7th millennium BC when evidence shows that the Cave of Schist was the city's first human settlers. Athens was inhabited for more than 7000 years, but it only became an important hub during the Mycenaean Greece period. The first Mycenaean major fortress was built at the Acropolis in 1400 BC. Events, Landmarks, Activities: One of the biggest events in the city is the Athens Festival, which is held both in Athens and in Epidaurus. Most hotels in the city are full between May to October when this huge arts festival is held so make sure to book your accommodation in advance if you intend to travel between these months. The most-visited area in Athens is the Acropolis which was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of the spectacular attractions found in this place including the Parthenon and Temple of Athena Nike. Other must-see sites in Athens include the Ancient Agora, Syntagma Square, Dipylon Gate, Temple of Olympian Zeus, Panathinaiko Stadium and Lycabettus Hill. Transportation: Athens is a compact city so getting around is easy. Walking is pleasant in areas between Vasilisis Amalias Street and Kerameikos as well as Plaka and Kolonaki. The Athens public transport system is comprehensive with tram, metro and a good railway network as well as ferries between the Islands.