Location, Climate: Netherlands' capital city is Amsterdam which is situated on the North Holland province and beside the Flevoland and Utrecht provinces. This city has an oceanic climate which means that the summer is not that hot and winters are not that cold. But it is still best to avoid the cold months of January and February and the warm months of July and August. Brief History: Amsterdam used to be a fishing village during the 12th century but it became one of the leading ports in the world during the 17th century when it entered the Dutch Golden Age. The name was derived from a dam located in Amstel River, thus being called Amstelredamme and later on Amsterdam. Events, Landmarks, Activities: There are more than 140 events and festivals held in Amsterdam yearly but the most attended is the Queen's Day which celebrates the birthday of Queen Beatrix and held every month of April. Other popular festivals include the Holland Festival in June, Amsterdam Gay Pride in August and the Cannabis Cup in November. Amsterdam boasts of its impressive architecture as seen from the Esnoga, Old Church, New Church, Magere Brug and the Begijnhof. A trip to Amsterdam won't be complete without visiting the Museum Quarter where one can find some of the world's best museums such as the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum and The Heineken Experience. Transportation: The easiest way to explore Amsterdam is on foot since most of the attractions are just walking distance. The tram and metro are perfect for longer distance while the bicycle is a pleasant way to see the city.